Physical Geography, Location and Area

Parang is strategically located in the northwestern portion of Maguindanao along the eastern coast of Illana Bay. Matanog bound it on the north, on the east by Barira and Buldon, and on the south by Sultan Kudarat, all in the province of Maguindanao. Due to the subsequent creation of the towns of Buldon, and Matanog, the land area of Parang as the mother municipality was drastically reduced. Presently, the total land area is 23,459.58 hectares, which makes up around 4.90% of the total land area of Maguindanao Province.

It is composed of twenty –four (24) barangays, fifteen (15) of which are located along the coast, seven (7) make up the Bongo Iland and nine (9) are inland barangays. Parang is more or less thirty (30) kilometers away from Cotabato City, which temporarily serves as the government center of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

Parang has a total land area of 23,459.58 hectares, which divided into twenty-four 25 barangays. All land area is alienable and disposable.

Topography and Climate

Parang typifies its name in its topography as the name Parang taken from the word “Padang-Padang” which in the local dialect means rugged or steep ridges. Due to the passage of time however, “Padang-Padang” was shortened to Parang and is now adopted name of the municipality. Parang is one of the coastal towns of Maguindanao Province. It has one (1) island with twenty-five (25) barangays. The geomorphic characteristics of Parang are marked landscape of level lands, scattered small hills with rugged slopes, which gradually rise and become mountains. It has an irregular and extensive coastline and navigable area.

Out of 23,459.58 hectares of land, two-thirds is plain, settled, cultivated and fast developing in urban settlements. These are the inland barangays, particularly within the coastline and where major thoroughfares traverse. The remaining one third is mountainous with slope 15°and above with its forest cover almost depleted if not for it second growth trees. Some of these areas are open spaces suited for commercial grazing pasture.

Bodies of water as potential sources from both domestic and agricultural uses and as natural means of drainage abound in the area. The entire municipality is traversed in Kumagingking, Ambal, Kamaran, Libuan, Simuay, and Nituan rivers. The river the criss-cross the municipality drains runoff water that finally enters itself into Illana Bay. There are also inland lakes; the biggest is Tuminggay, then Lake Balut and lake Deborah, the smallest.

The climate in Parang is relatively cool and invigorating and the rainfall is abundant throughout the year. The municipality falls under the fourth climate type and characterized by a more or less even distribution of rainfall throughout the year thus, providing sufficient soil moisture of the growing agricultural and commercial crops. Total rainfall though is not high. The average rainfall registers 85.23 inches while the average number of rainy days total to 203, average annual humidity is eight (8) degrees. Prevailing wind direction, come from the west, so-called southwest monsoon during summer and winds of varying the rainy season. Typhoon seldom felt in the area.

Slope/Geology/Land Capability and Soil Limitations

The Poblacion and other low-lying barangays have slope with level to very greatly slope areas that are utilized for agricultural production and where the concentration of settlements, infrastructures and other support facilities are found. It embraces a total land area of 12,438 hectares. In the inner portions of the municipality, slopes from 15 degrees and above which characterized by very low fertility, very rapid permeability and with very severely eroded lands are not utilized to its optimum use. These areas are best suited to wildlife, grazing and forest use.

Generally, the geological pattern of the strata of lands found in the area not well defined. Up to the present, there was no geology survey conducted to determine the presence of minerals in the area.

Moderately good lands, which can be cultivated safely that requires very simple butt good farm management practices total to 12,075 hectares. These found in the northernmost and easternmost portion of the municipality. The soils are deep and very drain but subject to slight erosion. Around 5,364 hectares are suitable for limited cultivation but good lands. These can be cultivated moisture and water holding capacity. Soil limitation range from low fertility and slight salinity and these lands slightly eroded. These found in the inner barangays and those abutted by Sultan Kudarat municipality. Dry or rough to stormy or rocky and best capable for quarry, recreation and athletics found in the southwestern portion of the municipality. It is around 11.59% of the town’s total area. The hydrosol type, which is best for agriculture and recreation, characterized by very severe water (wetness) and has poor drainage.

This soil type makes up mostly the marshes, swamps, and wetlands in the area and total of 3,017 hectares

Table 1.

Slope Classification:

Slope Category Range(Level) Land Area(in hectares) Present Total Land Area (%) Recommended Use
35° 3,302.00 14.07 Fish and shrimp ponds, salt bed site, or recreation. These level lands with 0-1% slope are mostly swamp and wet lands which cannot economically drain.
3-5° 6,672.00 28.45 For quarry or recreation
5-8°(nearly level to gently sloping) 2,758.58 Lands are suitable for limited cultivation occasionally if handled care.
15°and above 10,700.00 45.62 Very low fertility, very rapid permeability, these above 40% slope are mostly rugged, severely eroded lands suitable for wildlife conservation and protection.
TOTAL 23,459.58 100.00 Very low fertility, very rapid permeability, these above 40% slope are mostly rugged, severely eroded lands suitable for wildlife conservation and protection.


Demography is the study of human population, including its size, composition, distribution, density and other demographic and socio-economic characteristics. It is concerned with the behavior of individuals. The changes in the population due to births, marriages, migration and deaths will changes the demographic profile of the community. It also covers other vital events such as divorce, age structure level on the year specified.

Importance on the Population Data

The essential needs of the Filipinos such as food, education, health, housing, recreation and other social cultural amenities, with the development programs aim to provide, cannot be realized without taking into account the size, composition and distribution of population.

The size, structure and distribution of school age population of the working age population, of the older population, and of other special groups must be considered in prospective planning.

It is essential to take into account population at the municipality levels, which would serves as basis for estimating future needs and potentials in short and long range planning. The job of the government is to provide better, effective delivery of basic services for the benefits and welfare of the general populace.

In the year 1990, the population was recorded 55,355. There was a decline in population in the year 1995, a decrease of 2% average growth rate per year as shown in the table 2. The decline in population in 1995 was due to peace and order condition that make other household to migrate into other places. Based on censal year 2000, displaced people in 1995 are coming back registering a growth rate of 4.9%. Increasing trend continue to be so until 2007 when it registered a population of 102,247 or 9.7% growth rate from the 2000 population. The 2007 population is almost doubled based on 1990 data.

Table 2. Historical Growth of Population, Municipality of Parang, 1990-2007:

Year Population Growth Rate (%)
1990 55,355
1995 48,963 -2.9
2000 60,935 4.9
2007 102,247 9.7
2010 73,328

Using the 2007 data, population per barangay is shown in the table 2.1, Barangays Poblacion 2 and Sarmiento registered with the highest population of 16,266 and 14,372 and with Barangay Samberen with lowest population of 716.

Table 2.1. 2007 and 2010 Population with Project No. of Household in 2010:

Poblacion 2 16,266 8,916 2,846
Pobalcion 1 8,850 8,637 1,548
Sarmiento 14,372 11,765 2,515
Magsaysay 6,086 4,166 1,065
Nituan 4,580 2,822 801
Polloc 5,676 3,394 993
Litayen 5,315 4,891 930
Limbayan 2,701 1,846 473
Tucamaror 2,285 1,894 400
Macasandag 2,868 1,744 502
G.T Biruar 3,742 2,306 655
Kutongan 2,334 1,478 408
Tagudtungan 2,722 1,629 476
Samberen 716 579 125
Gadungan 1,425 1,163 249
Manion 1,806 1,210 316
Orandang 1,547 1,235 271
Cabuan 1,534 1,019 268
Campo Islam 2,573 1,715 450
Moro Point *NC 533
Pinantao 2,530 1,552 443
G. Calawag 1,473 1,272 258
D.M. Biruar 1,632 1,154 286
G.Pedpandaran *NC 1,008
Total 102,247 73,328 17,626


Economically vibrant trading center and productive agro-industrial municipality led by competent, dynamic and committed leaders with family-oriented, child-friendly, gender sensitive and God-fearing, healthy, secured and empowered people sustainably managing the environment.


Pursue innovative agro-industrialization through institutional and management strengthening, human resource development, responsive social welfare services, child-centered development policies and programs, economic competitiveness balanced ecology, adequate infrastructure facilities, stable peace and cultural preservation.

Local Government Goals

  •  Enhance good governance and development administration
  •  Improve local economic growth and employment opportunities
  •  Enhance social development with direct benefits to women and children
  •  Upgrade and improve local infrastructure facilities and utilities
  •  Strengthen and sustain peace and order in the municipality

Get in Touch

  • Phone/Fax:
    (064) 425-0169
  • Email:
  • Address:
    Mangga Street, Poblacion 1,
    Parang, Maguindanao